Hemorrhoids (varices) are enlarged veins in the lower part of the rectum. The occurrence of rectum varices is connected with chronic diarrhea or constipation, sedentary work and pregnancy. Inherited weak vein walls are a predisposing factor. People who have enlarged rectum veins often have abnormally enlarged veins in legs also. This fact speaks of the systemic nature of the disease. Rectum varices cause pain, bleeding, anemia, itching/tickling and mucus discharge. There are two types of haemorrhoids, internal and external. Usually internal haemorrhoids cannot be seen in external examination. An existing varix may become complicated by thrombosis, ulceration or purulent infection.
Surgical treatment methods include the so-called conventional and PPH method.
PPH – a special instrument – stapler – is used for the removal of varices, which enables to remove enlarged veins and rectal mucosal prolapse in a single moment. This method causes less post-operational pain compared to the conventional method.
In a non-surgical method special rubber ligatures (rubber rings) are applied on varices in order to remove the varices. Rubber rings cause necrosis of the varices in about a week after the procedure.
Slight bleeding from the rectum may occur during 2-3 weeks after the operations and procedures. Cleansing water procedures – shower, hip baths – are recommended.